Download Solved Paper HPS&AS (PRELIMINARY) Examination, 2020
Ques:- The gap between two neurons is called ;
Ques:- Louis Pasteur was associated with :
Ans:- The theory of biogenesis
Ques:- When the world Biodiversity Day is observed ?
Ques:- Ultra-violet radiation from sun light causes the reaction that produce which of the following ?
Ques:- Food cans are coated with tin and not with zinc because
Ans:- Zinc is more reactive than tin
Ques:- A solution turns red litmus blue, its Ph is likely to be :
Ques:- Which of the following has the highest velocity
Ques:-Einstein was awarded Noel Prize for which one of his theories
Ans:- Photoelectric effect
Ques:- Sun is getting energy from which of the following ?
Ans:- Nuclear Fussion
Ques:- The Xylem in plants are responsible for :
Ans:- Transport of water
Ques:- Which of the following is not a component of chlorophyll ?
Ques:- Which one of the following in also called the power plants of the cell ?
Ques:- Which of the following Acts gave the Indians a share in the administration of their own country for the first time ?
Ans:- Indian Councils Act, 1861
Ques:- Of the Following, who was the G overnor-General only not the Viceroy ?
Ans:- Lord Ellenborough
Ques:- When did the Akalis take the keys of the Golden Temple at Amritsar, and appointed a new sented the
Ques:- Which of the following was the paper of Annie Beasant ?
Ques:-Anasuya Behn, one of Gandhiji’s main lieutenants, was the sister of :-
Ans:- Ambalal Sarabhai
Ques:- Which of the following national leaders was to take up the case of the prisoners of the meerut Conspiracy case ?
Ques:- Of the following, who represented the Untouchables in the Shimla Conference, convended by Lard Wavel in 1946 ?
Ans:- Siva Raj
Ques:- Under whose Presidentship, the first session of the India Science Congress Association was held in Calcutta in 1914 ?
Ans:- Ashutosh Mookerjee
Ques:- Who presided over the Amritsar Session of All India Congress in 1919 ?
Ans:- Motilal Nehru
Ques:- Of the following cities,where was opened the first medical college for women in 1916 ?
Ques:- Of the following, who wrote a commentary on the Bible ?
Ans:-Sayyid Ahmad Khan
Ques:- Where was the centre of the Ahmadiyas established in Pakistan after the partition of India ?
Ques:- When was the Kanya Mahavidyalya founded in Jalandher bt the Arya Samaj ?
Ans:- 14 jUNE, 1896
Ques:- Which of the following is not correct about the Fariazi Movement ?
Ans:- Its leaders preached in Persian and Urdu only.
Ques:- Which of the following Act/Acts removed ban on the missionaries to preach Christianity and granted an annual grant of Rs. One lakh foe education ?
Ans:- Charter Act of 1813
Ques:- When and where was opened the first female school in the Punjab ?
Ans:- In 1856 at Rawalpindi
Ques:- Who of the following was a great British artist of the art of miniature paintings ?
Ans:- John Smart
Ques:- Which of the following is correct about the Jamat-i-islami ?
Ans:- It brought out four periodicals
Ques:- Of the following who was not the leader of the Hindu Mahasabha ?
Ans:- Lala Hardayal
Ques:- The Namdhari leader Baba Ram Singh was the disciple of :-
Ans:- Balak Singh
Ques:- Which one of the following indices in now used by the Reserve Bank of India to measure the rate of inflation in India ?
Ans:- Consumer Price Index
Ques:- The following factor was not considered by the 14th Finance Commission in determining the State’s share in the divisible pool :
Ans:- Demographic change
Ques:- As per the report on India State of Forest 2017, what is the percentage coverage of forest area in the total geographical area of the country ?
Ques:- Which of the five year plan was terminated a year before to its original term ?
Ans:- Fifth plan
Ques:- Which Five year plan in India has recorded the largest gap in terms of growth rate between the service sector and the industrial sector ?
Ans:- Ninth Plan
Ques:- 5th South Asia Region Public Procurement Conference was held in –
Ans:- New Delhi
Ques:- Which type of volcanic eruptions has caused Deccan Trap formations in India ?
Ques:- Which one of the following is the meeting point of Alananda and Bhagirathi ?
Ans:- Dev Prayag
Ques:- River island Majouli is located in which of the following river ?
Ques:- Sutlej river rises from which of the following places ?
Ans:- Rakshasa tal
Ques:- Which one of the following rivers is not a tributary of Yamuna river ?
Ans:- Sirsa River
Ques:- Which one of the following states has the highest density of population in India according to 2011 census ?
Ques:- National Remote Sensing Centre is located at :
Ques:- Which one of the following mineral is known as brown diamond ?
Ques:- Which one of the following state in India has the highest proportion of population below poverty line ?
Ques:- Amongest the scheduled languages of India, the smallest language group is :
Ques:- Bhopal Gas Disaster is a kind of
Ans:- Man made Disaster
Ques:- Who is known as the father of modern seismology ?
Ans :- R.D. Oldham
Ques:- The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is headed by
Ans:- President of India
Ques:- The Bhopal Gas disaster occurred in
Ques:- Wild fire in North America is known as
Ans:- Bush fires
Ques:- Which is the most landslide prone area in India :
Ans:- Himalaya and North eastern Hill
Ques:- The State Disaster Management Authority is headed by :
Ans:- Chief Minister
Ques:- Cyclones occurring in North Atlantic Ocean are called :
Ques:- The name of the largest active volcano in the world is
Ans:-Mauna Lao in Hawali
Ques:- Intensity of an earthquake is measured by
Ans:- Modified Mercalli Scale
Ques:- Which of the following countries has the largest transport system in the world ?
Ques:- If Arctic ice is replaced by dense forest which of the following is likely to take place –
Ans:- Acceleration of global warming
Ques:-Who among these is awarded ‘Champions of the Earth’ award 2019 by United Nations Environment Programme –
Ans:- Casta Rice
Ques:- Which of the following id defined as a process of involving the local people in the protection and management of forests –
Ans:- Joint Forest Management
Ques:- Which of these describes the relationship between the global water resources and the human demand for it –
Ans:- Water crisis
Ques:- Of the following organisms, the one that is least likely to cause a disease is
Ans:- Parasitic Worm
Ques:- Which among these is an intergovernmental organization of eight countries ?
Ans:- South-Asia Cooperative Environment Programme
Ques:- As per Gender Inequality by UNDP Report 2017, India stands at a global rank of –
Ques:- Who among these ia an Indian environmentalist and founder of Centre for Science and Environment-
Ans:- Anil Kumar Agrawal
Ques:- Upto which of the following sessions of Congress, the Autobiography of Gandhiji is written ?
Ans:- Nagpur Session, 1920
Ques:- Who gave John Ruskin’s book ‘Unto the Last’ to Gandhiji ?
Ans:- Henary Pollock
Ques:- Articles 36 to 51 of the India Consititution contain the Directive Principles of State Policy.Identify the Articles which have the scope of the Gandhian principles :
Ans:- Articles 40, 47 and 48
Ques:- In the opinion of Gandhiji, which of the following method is the best of Conflict Resolution :-
Ans:- Mutual Dialogue
Ques:- When was the Civil Disobedience Movement called off finally by Gandhiji ?
Ques:- Popularly known as Mira Ben, a staunch disciple of Gandhiji was sent to Delhi to apprise the Viceroy about the Congress Working Committee Resolution on the Quit India Movement.What was her real name ?
Ans:- Miss Slade
Ques:- Of the following, who was the first recipient of Gandhiji Peace Prize ?
Ans:- Julius Nyerere
Ques:-Which of the following is correct about Gandhiji ?
Ans:- He believed in the maxim of that Government is the best which governs the least.
Ques:- Department of Fisheries, Govt of H.P. under ‘Blue Revolution’ has envisaged construction of how many hectare new ponds and trout units in the State by 2022 ?
Ans:- 1000 hectare new ponds and 1000 trout units
Ques:- Which of the following is the driest place in Himachal Pradesh due to rain shadow effect ?
Ques:- Name the Aryan king who defeated the Kirata’s powerful king Shambar in the war that lasted for forty years ?
Ans:- Divodas `
Ques:- ‘Praino’, ‘Jhanjrara,’ ‘Damchalshish’ and ‘Doghri’ are the types of what, amongst the tribes of H.P. ?
Ques:- Which of the following fair was conceived by ‘W. Goldstein’ the then Superintendent of Shimla Hill State ?
Ques:- Which of the following battle was fought on 28 January, 1846 between the British led by Sir Lero
Ans:- Battle of Aliwal
Ques:- Who started a land revenue settlement in Chamba in 1876 which resulted in a considerable gain to the state finances ?
Ans:- Colonel Reid
Ques:- Which Gram Panchayat of H.P. has been selected among 20 Gram Panchayats from all over country for the national level Rashtiya Gaurav Gram Panchayat award 2017 ?
Ques:- Which is the highest peak of Kinnaur ?
Ans:-Leo Pargial or Rio Pargual
Ques:- Which of the following product is not registered under the Geographical Indications (GI) of Goods Act, 1999 ?
Ans:- Sirmauri Loe
Ques:- Who amongest the following from Kullu was the member of an all women Navy crew named ‘Tarini’ for circumnavigating the globe ?
Ans:- Lt. Commander Pratibha Jamwal
Ques:- Who is author of the book ‘The Himalayan District of Kooloo, Lahaul and Spiti ?
Ans:- A.F.P. Harcourt
Ques:- Who was the the architect of ‘Gorton Castle’ at Shimla ?
Ques:- To meet the sustained Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030, what aim has been set up by the Dept. of Forests, to enhance the forest cover in the State :
Ans:- 30% of its geographical area
Ques:-What is the approximate contribution of tourism sector to the State GDP ?
Ques:- Which is the pass at an elevation of 4890 meters where roads from Zanskar, Ladakh, Spiti and Lahaul meet ?
Ans:- Baralacha Pass
Ques:- Who according to famous philologist Greirsson were the earlier known Indo-Aryans of the Himalayan tract ?
Ques:- Who built the Bhutnath temple and founded the present Mandi town in 16th century ?
Ans:- Raja Ajbar Sen
Ques:- Which of the following paintings have got Geographical Indicator (GI) that has given them a unique identity in world market ?
Ans:- Kangra Paintings
Ques:- Who was considered one of the great masters of Pahari miniature painting, during the reign of Raja Sansar chand of kangra ?
Ques:- Which of the following is the oldest princely state in H.P. which finds mention in the Mahabharata, the Puranas and the work of Panini ?
Ques:- Who built the temple of Goddess Naina Devi on one of the seven Dhars, now called Dhar Naina Devi ?
Ans:- Raja Bir Chand
Ques:- Which of the following district of H.P. was declared as a backward district among the 115 district selected by the Govt. of Indoia in keeping with its vision of a new India by by 2022 ?
Ques:- Under Silk Production programmer, a foreign species basic silk seed station is fuctining at which place that produces commerical seeds ?
Ques:- Which valley of Kinnaur is connected with Uttrakhand with several passes ?
Ans:- Baspa Valley
Ques:- In the year 1804 who was invited to invade Kangra (Sansar Chand) by the rulers of Bilaspur, Mandi, Chamba and other small rules of Kangra area jointly ?
Ans:- Maharaja Ranjit Singh
Ques:- Name the rule of Rampur Bushehr who received the Hangrang valley from Tibet as a jagir and also right to free trade between Tibet and Bushehr State
Ans:- Raja Chatar Singh
Ques:- Pin Valley has been declared a national wild life conservation park for the protection of which animal ?
Ans:- Western Tragopan
Ques:- The idea of Viceregal Lodge was conceived by Lord Lytton, yet first to reside there was –
Ans:- Lord Curzon
Ques:- Who was the first and only recipient of ‘Tagore Samman’ from Himachal Pradesh ?
Ans:- Gambhari Devi
Ques:- In which village of H.P. the country’s highest polling station has been set up at a height of 15256 feet ?
Ques:- Which of the following police station of H.P. became the first police station of the state to have been linked with a Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS) ?
Ans:- Police Station Dharampur
Ques:- How many villages have been identified in the State of H.P. during the year 2018-19 for creation of ‘Modal Eco Villages’ an Environmentally Sound Sustainable Community Development Programme ?
Ques:- What was the plan outlay for ‘Roads and Bridges’ in H.P. during the year 2018-19 ?
Ans:- 324.44 Crore
Ques:- On 15th April, 1948 which of the following princely states were merged into Himachal Pradesh without alteration of their boundaries ?
Ans:- Mandi and Suket
Ques:- Which of the following river is fed by the Himachal Pradesh’s largest glacier Bara Shigri ?
Ques:- Who was the ruler of Bharmaur during the later 7th century A.D. when the ‘Kashmiri Style of Art’ entered in H.P. ?
Ans:- Lakshmi Varman
Ques:- Who were the earliest inhabitants of Himachal ?
Ans:- Dasas, Nishads and Dayus
Ques:- Who transferred the seat of Govt. from Brahmpura (Bharmaur) to the new capital founded at Chamba ?
Ques:- Which of the following is not the breed of poultry introduced in the state to improve the quality of poultry ?
Ans:- Island Red
Ques:- The person and guiding force who motivated a master weaver Mr. Ved Ram Thakur a private entreprteneur to join Bhuttico was –
Ans:- Gurcharan Singh
Ques:- ‘Betas’ are the community of professional dancers of which district ?
Ques:- Which was the first play put on it the Gaeity Theatre /
Ans:- The Normal Heart
Ques:- Who amongst the following is not the everester ?
Ans:- Ajay Sharma
Ques:- The ministry of Tribal Affairs, Govt of India sanctioned first Eklavya model Residential School’ in H.P. was opened at which place of the State ?
Ques:- First ‘Emu Breeding’ farm in H.P. set up by the ‘Easy Way With’ a multi level marketing ‘ etc
Ques:- ‘Telangi Selection’ and ‘Ribba Selection’ etc are the local varieties of which dry fruit ?
Ques:- Lahaul –Spiti district covers the largest area of the state of H.P.which comes to what % age of total area of the State ?
Ques:- In Rig Veda which of the following river is not found mentioned flowing through Himachal Pradesh ?
Ques:- Which of the following town of H.P. doesn’t celebreate the Dushehra festival by burning effigies of Ravana Meghnath and Kumbhkaran ?
Ques:- In which of the ‘Puranas’ the Kinners are said to be the inhabitants of Mahananda Mountains ?
Ans:- Vayu Purana
Ques:- Who was the first European to visit kullu on his way to Laddakh in 1820 A.D.?
Ques:- Which of the following valley is called as granary and orchard of Lahaul-Spiti ?
Ans:- Pattan Valley
Ques:- Where is ‘Chinmaya Tappovan’ in H.P. is situated ?
Ques:-To encourage rural and tribal girls to join school and study, the ‘Nelson Mandela Sadbhawna Award and Certificate of Excellence 2017’ was conferred on –
Ans:- Shruti Gupta
Ques:- On which of the following railway route the glass roof see through ‘vistadome’ coach was introduced on 11th December, 2018 ?
Ques:- The Ministry of Posts and Telegraph has not released postal stamp on which of the following ?
Ques:- Which country recently took the chairmanship of G-77 (Group of 134 developing countries within United Nations) ?
Ques:- Recently in news ‘Bishkek Declaration’ is related to –
Ans:- Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit
Ques:- Which former diplomat of India has been awarded with ‘The order of the Raising Sun, Gold and Silver star – the second highest civilan award of Japan ?
Ans:- Shyam Saran
Ques:- Which North – East India based political party received the status of National Party recently ?
Ans:- National People’s Party
Ques:- Which amendment to Constitution of India transferred the subject of ‘education’ from state list to concurrent list ?
Ans;- 39th Amendment
Ques:- Which of the following statement is not correct in relation to the Electoral Bond ?
Ans:- Even after the expiry of the validity period the Political parties can obtain payment upon submission of electoral Bonds.
Ques:- Which place in the Southern India was recently in news for its local coffee variety, called Robusta Coffee, receiving a Geographical Indicator recognization ?
Ans:- Chikamangalur (Karnattaka)
Ques:- Which states are party to the Mahadai river water dispute ?
Ans:-Andhra Pradesh, Telngana
Ques:- Recently NITI Aayog pitched the idea of circular economy.What does it suggests ?
Ans:- To allow family to decide over the use of the taxes they paid.
Ques:- Where did the recently concluded 24th United Nations Framework convention on climate change took place ?
Ans:- Lyon, France
Ques:- Which Indian has been recently conferred with the Legion d’Honneur (Legion of Honour) the highest civilian award of France of his work for specially –abled children ?
Ans:- Francois Laborde
Ques:- Recently brought into operation, where is the India’s largest strategic petroleum reserve ?
Ans:- Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Ques:- Which of the following is concerned with ‘Mission All Out’ ?
Ans:- Recognisation and banning of all the illegal coaching institutes.
Ques:- Recently in news, White Label ATM are –
Ans:- ATM where only non-cash transactions take place.
Ques:- On 27th March, 2019, India successfully tested its first anti-satellite missile.This operation was undertaken as part of which of the following missions >
Ans:- Mission Raksha
Ques:- Which of the following committees are related to defence reforms :
Ans:- Dillip Singh Suhag Committee
Ques:- Which neighbour country of India has signed MoU with India for training of its 1800 civil servants in India ?
Ques:- China is building the first of four ‘most advanced’ neval frigates for which country as part of a major bilateral arms deal ?
Ques:- Which Indian recently became the world’s first woman amputee to climb highest peak of Anterctica ?
Ans:- Payal Rajput
Ques:- Which European country hosted the 4th international Ayurveda Congress (IAvC) held in September 2018 ?
Ques:- Which of the following current bearers of one of the highest constitutional offices of the country wrote the book-“Moving on, Moving forward :One year in Office’? This book was released by PM Narendra Modi.
Ans:- Rajya Sabha Deputy Speaker Harivansh Singh
Ques:- Which country has recently announced to launch Mars Mission “HOPE” by 2020 ?
Ques:- National Rail and Transportation institute (NRTI) which is first of its kind institute in India for study of railways, has started to fuction at which of the following places ?
Ques:- India’s longest rail-cum-road bridge ‘Bogibeel’ has come up over which of the following major Indian rivers ?
Ques:- 12-day long ‘Sagarmatha Friendship-2’Joint military exercise saw participation of which of the following two countries ?
Ans:- Pakistan and Nepal
Ques:- Which of the India based Automobile giants recently declarded to brcome a carbon neutral company by 2040 ?
Ans:- Mahindra and Mahindra
Ques:- Which Asian country has proposed to be the third “strategioc partner” of the multi-billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) passing through PoK ?
Ques:- Which state has ranked 1st in terms of “Ease of Living Index” rankings launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) ?
Ques:- who among the following has been appointed the new Chairman of National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) of India ?
Ques:- Which country has decided to include Hindi as the third official language used in its courts as part of a move designed to improve access to justice ?
Ques:- Who among the following has been appointed as Chairman of the National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes ?
Ans:- Bhargav Aditya
Ques:- Which schedule of the Indian constitution contains the name of States and their territorial details ?
Ques:- Which article of Indian constitutional reads, “It would be the responsibility of the Union to safeguard the states from external threats and internal disturbances”?
Ans:- Article 352
Ques:- Bankruptcy and Insolvency Code enacted by the Parliament of India in Year 2016, was the based on the report by-
Ans:- Urjit Patel Committee
Ques:- Which of the following recommended the abolition of IAS, IPS and other All-India services ?
Ans:- Sarkaria Commission
Ques:- Which country recently has become a member of the international Criminal Court ?
Ques:- Which city won the award for being the cleanest city in India for the third straight year in Swachh Survekshan done under Swach Bharat Abhiyan ?
Ques:- National Institute of Mental Health Rehabilitation to be set up at which state ?
Ans:- Madhya Pradesh
Ques:- Which state has declared the endangered speciesb Indus river dolphins, one of the world’s rarest mammals, as the state,s aquatic animal ?
Ques:- Which IPS officer has got recently appointed as the Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation ?
Ans:- Rishi Kumar Shukla
Ques:- According to Transparency international, which state occupied the top slot in the ranking of best practices followed by states in Budget formulation ?
Ques:- Which program had Election Commission of India launched for verifications of voters names, new registrations, changes or corrections in the Voter ID Cards for the 2019 General Elections ?
Ans:- Voter Registration Programme
Ques:- Name the dedicated DD channel launched by PM Modi for Arunachal Pradesh ?
Ques:- The ambitious project of under-construction Subarnarekha port is coming up in which of the following state ?
Ques:- Which famous the Indo-Canadian filmmaker recently got conferred with the Lifetime Achievement Award by the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television ?
Ans:- Gurinder Chaddha
Ques:- Who is the author of the “Undaunted: Save the Idea of India” recently released by Former Vice – President Hamid Ansari ?
Ans:- Sunil Khilnani
Ques:- Recently Natuonal Green Tribunal (NGT) has put a fine of Rs. 100 crore on a state government for its failure to prevent pollution of the rivers and canal of the state. Name the state ?
Ans:- West Bengal
Ques:- The 40th International Annual Desert Festival held in which city ?
Ques:- Which Asian city hosted the Special Olympics World Games 2019 ?
Ques:- Who was recently recommended to be the first Lokpal or anti-corruption ombudsman of India ?
Ans:- Mohan Chander Swami
Ques:- Where is the newly established Bankruptcy and Insolvency Board of India headquartered at ?
Ques:- Name the ‘Young Scientist Programme’ that is launched by ISRO for school children.